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历史文化
发布日期: 2017-04-17  访问量:      保护视力色:

人文昌盛


Prosperous Culture


扬州历史悠久,文化昌盛,是国务院首批公布的24座历史文化名城之一。自公元前486年,吴王夫差开邗沟、筑邗城始,迄今已有2500多年建城史。在漫漫的历史长河中,扬州曾铸就了两汉、隋唐、清康乾年间三次大的辉煌,留下了李白、杜牧、白居易、欧阳修、苏轼、郑板桥、朱自清等历代大批名人雅士的足迹,现有文物保护单位477处。扬州学派、扬州八怪、扬州戏曲、扬州工艺、扬派盆景、雕版印刷、淮扬美食等在中国文化领域独树一帜、异彩纷呈。古琴、剪纸、雕版印刷等3个项目被联合国科教文组织列为“人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录”,扬剧、扬州评话、扬州清曲、扬州弹词、漆器、玉雕等19个项目被列为国家级非物质文化遗产保护名录。2014年,扬州牵头申报的中国大运河项目成功入选世界文化遗产名录,成为我国第46个世界遗产项目。


With a time-honored history and prosperous cultural background, Yangzhou is listed among the first batch of 24 famous historical and cultural cities announced by the State Council. Since 486 BC, when the King of Fuchai of Kingdom Wu ordered the construction of Hangou River and Hancheng City, Yangzhou, as a city, has had a founding history of over 2500 years. In the long history course, Yangzhou has created three splendid prosperity in the East and West Han Dynasties, the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty and during the reign of the Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong in Qing Dynasty, leaving the footprints of a large number of well-known poets and scholars such as Li Bai, Du Mu, Bai Juyi, Ouyang Xiu, Su Shi, Zheng Banqiao and Zhu Ziqing and boasting 477 historic sites and relics, which are under protection. Yangzhou are unique and colorful in its cultural characteristics, boasting Yangzhou School of Learning, the Eight Eccentrics, Yangzhou Opera, Yangzhou Art Crafts, the potted landscape of Yangzhou style, the block printing, Huaiyang cuisine, etc. Guqin (an ancient Chinese musical instrument), paper-cutting and block printing are enlisted in Human Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. Yangzhou opera, story-telling in Yangzhou dialect, the singing in Yangzhou style, story-telling accompanied by stringed instrument, lacquer wares and jade carving, all together 19 items, have been listed as National Intangible Cultural Heritages. In 2014, the China Grand Canal was successfully enlisted as a World Cultural Heritage, the campaign led by Yangzhou, and became the 46th world heritage site of China.